Salmon’s Model for Online Learning: Designing a Blended Course

I spent most of Topic 4 suffering from a flu and lacked the energy to study the materials when they were first posted. However, I do have to create an online blended course for the spring semester and thought I would look at what my group came up with and how their thoughts on the topic could assist me. I will be using the Coggle diagram my group made and especially Gilly Salmon’s five-stage model for online learning: (1) access, (2) socialization, (3) information exchange, (4) knowledge construction, (5) development.

At first, the model seemed quite theoretical, but upon further reflection, I noticed that it is actually a practical tool for thinking about how to create online modules from existing classroom activities.

The course I am working on is a writing course where students are provided (1) access to our Moodle-type platform and hence access should not be a problem. The students are already familiar with most of the tools. The one possible exception are the embedded videos on our online forums. However, this is an easy one-click system that should not cause problems. Having said that, it is probably best to instruct students before we have them deposit videos on the course’s online forum.

Part of the course will take place in the classroom and therefore some of the (2) socialization can be performed face-to-face. Getting to know each other in the classroom will hopefully enable everyone to continue working online. Based on our group’s discussions, classroom work will indeed help to get on with online work. If the course was a fully online course, socialization would probably be more difficult. Nevertheless, it is important to keep socialization in mind when we first meet in class. It might be best to group students in class and then let these groups work online on certain exercises.

One other thing that should be kept in mind is that group work must be tailored so that (3) information exchange and (4) knowledge construction are possible during the online activities. When initially flipping various lectures and exercises, I noticed that I had a tendency to think of the course in terms of individual students. This is something I should obviously change. I would like for the online parts of the course enable the students to work with less guidance and supervision. Preparing the exercises should take into account the type of online learning we want the students to engage in.

With (5) development, I would like to frame the course in a way that helps students work on their own writing projects as much as possible. With our exercises, I always try to link them to the students’ current work so that they will stay motivated throughout the course. The existing classroom exercises have been designed with this in mind, but it would be possible to design more exercises that work even better in this context.

In summary, the five-stage model for online learning is a useful tool if you take the time to think it through. It helps you to make a checklist that you can keep in mind when adapting existing materials to an online blended course. I was told that we have quite a few language teachers on our ONL course and any tips or insights from all of you would be more than welcome!

2 thoughts on “Salmon’s Model for Online Learning: Designing a Blended Course

  1. Hi Tommi, thanks for an interesting blog post. It applies nicely the five-stage model. When we studied it in our group we found that it may not always apply, for example due to the cultural differences between different countries. Do you Think the model could suit more or less your course depending on the audience that it targets?

    1. Thanks for the comment! I think that if you use it as a checklist, you can probably see which points apply and which do not in each case. Some points may require extra attention depending on cultural differences and available resources. And of course we should be aware that there may be additional points not included in the list we have to think about.

      Which ones did you think may not apply?

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