Tag Archives: design process

Hales, C. (2000). Ten Critical Factors in the Design Process. ASME, Strongsville, Ohio, May 23 – 24.

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Paper lists ten critical factors in the design process: defining the problem, a working design team, the right tools for the job, communicating effectively, getting the concept right, keeping it simple, making the functions clear, tackling safety, selecting material and … Continue reading

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Chao and Ishii (2007) Design Process Error Proofing: Failure Modes and Effects Analysis of the Design Process, Journal of Mechanical Design, 129, pp. 491-501

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I was interested in this paper for the part that listed communication as one of the six potential areas in a design process. The other five areas were knowledge, analysis, execution, change and organizational errors. Design errors can occur in … Continue reading

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Leino et al. (2010) Integration of manual work related information to PLM, Design 2010

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The paper starts with a problem that the designer does not receive enough feedback from the users along the product life cycle. Users in this case means people involved in the design process. The authors wish to address the challenge … Continue reading

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Jarrat et al. (2011) Engineering change: an overview and perspective on the literature, Research in Engineering Design, 22, pp.103-124

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Paper gives a good overall picture on research done in the area of engineering changes. I recommend it to everybody who has done or is interested in doing work in this area. It gives definitions to engineering change, and engineering … Continue reading

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Boujut, J-F., Hisarciklilar, O., (2012) Using a semiotic classification to characterise objects involved in collaborative design, Journal of Design Research, 10 (3), pp. 155-169

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In cooperative design communication shifts from asynchronous to synchronous. Paper studies annotations (mostly in 2D and 3D product representations) as means to support design communication. Segmentation between expertise (design & manufacturing) has requested the use of accurate representations. In 2D … Continue reading

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LETTL, C. 2007. User involvement competence for radical innovation. Journal of Engineering and Technology Management 24, 1–2, 53–75.

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This paper discusses involving users into radical innovation (RI) process. The users may be incapable of contributing to RI due to functional fixations, inability to evaluate concepts without existing reference product or the high technological complexities involved. This is separate … Continue reading

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GOULD, J.D., BOIES, S.J., AND LEWIS, C. 1991. Making usable, useful, productivity-enhancing computer applications. Communications of the ACM 34, 1, 74

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Gould, Boies and Lewis (1991) elaborate on their own rules by emphasizing the need to act out the design for usability principles as a process, and by adding a fourth rule “Integrated design”. With integrated design the authors reach towards … Continue reading

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GOULD, J.D. AND LEWIS, C. 1985. Designing for usability: key principles and what designers think. Communications of the ACM 28, 3, 300-311

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Legends of UCD Gould and Lewis reported their famous Key principles for Design. These were later extended and adapted to most of our standards etc. I’d say a truly seminal work, and a solid start for any historic reminiscence. Three … Continue reading

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Medland, A.J (1992) Forms of Communications Observed During the Study of Design Activities in Industry, Journal of Engineering Design, 3 (3), pp. 243-253

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Paper identifies four types of communication models within design process: Delegation Reporting Awareness Problem handling (of design conflicts) With delegation the author refers to receiving instructions that defines the objectives for the design task and gives authority to proceed. The … Continue reading

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Greenberg, S. & Buxton, B. (2008) Usability Evaluation Considered Harmful (Some of the Time). In CHI 2008 Proceedings, pp. 111-120.

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Greenberg and Buxton have listed in their paper a number of problems related to usability testing, and situations where usability evaluation can even be harmful ”if naively done ’by rule’ rather than ’by thought’”. Their main message is: ”the choice … Continue reading

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Crilly, N., Maier, A., Clarkson, P.J., (2008) Representing Artefacts as Media: Modelling the Relationship Between Designer Intent and Consumer Experience, International Journal of Design, 2(3), pp. 15-27

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Paper presents an integrated representation of communication based models of design to create common basis for discussion. It is suggested that models can represent how artifacts (boundary objects) mediate between designers and consumers, as well as designers and their collaborators. … Continue reading

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