The sixth chapter (Contemporary Theory) describes the recent turns to design, to culture, to the wild, and to embodiment in HCI theory. According to Rogers, the background theme in all these is human values. Human values are taking the place of human needs in HCI. One manifestation of this is the addition of understanding to the traditional user-centered design process (study, design, build, evaluate).
Turn to design means changing from how to do interaction design to how to think about interaction design. Turn to culture has been about utilizing the theories and approaches of arts and humanities to explain e.g. user experience. Turn to the wild refers to ways of studying cognitive and social phenomena in context and especially to studying how people adapt and appropriate new technologies. Lastly, turn to embodiment refers to an understanding that human beings and all their activities are somehow embodied.
The history of HCI has been filled with different turns, i.e. adapting a new viewpoint at the expense of old ones. Rogers does not see this trend ending and suggests e.g. proxemics, F-formations and device ecologies as potential nest turns.
Rogers, Y. HCI Theory: Classical, Modern, and Contemporary.Synthesis Lectures on Human-Centered Informatics, May 2012, Vol. 5, No. 2