Paper looks at boundary objects from pragmatic view, but they also describes syntactic and semantic approaches. It lists Nonaka’s 1994 paper as one example that uses semantic approach. I was interested in looking at what boundary objects are used in product development and the characteristics of effective boundary objects. Boundary objects used are: repositories (i.e., CAD/CAM databases), standardized forms and methods (i.e. problem solving methods), object and models (i.e.. assembly drawings), maps of boundaries (i.e. process maps). Characteristics are representing knowledge, learning and transforming knowledge.
(Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3085976)