Some history and geography of Brazil

Now that it’s been a while since the last post it’s time to hear some news. The project is going forward well and first sponsors are about to be secured!

The project team gathered some background info about Brazil to learn more about the country. Enjoy and learn!

History

–  Brazil was a colonel of Portugal from the 16th to the 19th century

–  1822 Brazil declared its independence from Portugal and became called The Empire of Brazil

–  Year 1889 Brazil was taken over by a republican military coup which made the government become a constitutional democracy. Until the year of 1985, Brazil has a history with many transformations from democracy to the domination of a military junta and back and forth.

–  In 1985 Brazil solidified its government as a democracy and has remained such to present

Geography

–  Brazil occupies about half of the South America. It covers a total area of 8,5 million square kilometers which is 25 times the size of Finland.

–  In Brazil live about 188 million people which is 35 times Finland’s population.

–  These facts make Brazil the 5th largest country in the world both by population and by geographical area.

–  The largest river in Brazil is the Amazon. It is one of the longest rivers in the world with its length of 6400 km. Amazon is at its widest 10 km and deepest 100m. The amount of water in Amazon is bigger than in any other river in the world.

–  Brazil is divided in to 5 regions and 26 states. Our trip’s focus is on the Southeast region which covers 12 % of Brazil’s area and has 43 % of Brazil’s population. São Paulo (10,4 M people) and Rio de Janeiro (6,8 M people) are located in the Southeast region.

–  The Amazon rainforest is world’s largest continuous forest area. 34 % of world’s tropical forests is located in Brazil.

–  The climate of Brazil is mostly tropical. Temperature in the rain forest is around the year about 25 – 27°C. In June when it is winter time in Rio and São Paulo the highest temperature is about 25 C.