Transmit this (Week 5)

This week we went back a few chapters to learn more about neurotransmitter systems, which was good for P because she had read the chapter earlier by accident. The lecture started with defining what is a neurotransmitter and then went on to introducing the most common neurotransmitters. We watched a few videos from youtube about the different mechanisms that receptors have for delivering the messages carried by neurotransmitters.

In addition to the lecture, this week we have been working on the exercise 2 which is due next Tuesday. It was mostly studying brain anatomy in detail and the specific functions of different parts and areas. For P and me this has been extremely useful since we are both writing our bachelor’s thesis about brain mechanisms related to specific clinical states. Understanding and studying research material about where exactly in the brain something is happening and how different areas work together during specific tasks isn’t possible if we are not familiar with the anatomy. I learned also that P has a passion for Latin so she’s going to have fun with that here.  -S

I love learning anatomy because I’m a huge fan of dead languages like ancient greek and latin. Here are some of the literal meanings of some of the terms we encountered, and they help me remember them, at least! -P

Term Meaning
astrocyte star cell
ganglia a swelling
medulla marrow
tectum roof
tegmentum a covering
amygdala almond-shaped
arbor vitae tree of life
callosum thick-skinned
cerebellum little brain
coccygeal cuckoo bird
colliculus small hill
ependymal tunic-shaped
hippocampus sea horse
insular island
locus coeruleus blue place
nucleus little nut
gyrus a ring
sulcus wrinkle
vermis worm
temporal lobe of the temples
thalamus an inner chamber
hypothalamus under the thalamus
corticofugal fleeing from the cortex
diencephalon through the brain
mesencephalon middle of the brain
metencephalon next to the brain
telencephalon end of the brain


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